Open Space Management Plan

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Part 9. Appendices

A. Bedrock Geology/Soils
B. Species Collections
C. Management Provisions
D. Contacts
E. Bibliography
F. Technical Resources
G. Funding

A. Bedrock Geology/Soils

Bedrock is the solid material that underlies the soil or other unconsolidated material of the earth.  Bedrock geology can have a great influence on the nature of your preserve. The DEP 1985 Bedrock Geological Map of Connecticut (1:50,000) can be accessed at the website below.

Key references

Soils are the unconsolidated mineral or organic material on the earth’s surface, and are one of the primary determinants of the vegetation on your property. Soils data can be accessed through the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service website (below), or for simplified wetland and farmland soils, you can go to the NEMO Online Community Resource Inventory (CRI) website:

Key references



  • Rodgers, J. 1985. Bedrock Geological Map of Connecticut. CT Geological and Natural History Survey, CT Dept. of Environmental Protection in cooperation with U.S. Dept. of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey.  Hartford, CT.

  • Stone, J. R., J. P. Schafer, E. H. London, W. B. Thompson. 1992. Surficial Materials Map of Connecticut. U.S. Dept. of the Interior  U.S. Geological Survey

B. Species Collections

Collection of plants, animals, minerals, water, and soil in the Preserve is not allowed unless specific permission is sought through an education, collection, or research permit. Permission may be granted based on the applicant’s demonstration of how collection will contribute to and aid an education or research effort. In no case shall the collection of plants and animals, other than invasive species, exceed the quantity necessary to maintain a healthy and viable population of that species.

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C. Management Provisions

Here are several provisions to consider with possible wording. Taylor to fit your needs and goals.

No roads or permanent structures will be constructed in the Preserve. The placement of a temporary structure(s) may be approved as part of a research permit, provided it is removed when not in active use. In order for a structure to be considered in active use, it must be used at least once during a XX day period.

Fire Control
No fires shall be started in the Preserve unless it is a prescribed fire undertaken for a specific purpose identified in this Plan.  Every effort shall be made to prevent fires from spreading into the Preserve.  All uncontrolled fires shall be brought under control as quickly as possible. 

Natural Disasters
In the event of a natural disaster, such as fire, flood, wind, disease, etc., any restoration activity will be limited to that work necessary to prevent further damage to resources. As an example, if a windstorm takes down a large number of trees, will you just leave the area alone, harvest the timber, or some combination?)

Signage and Markers
Location markers shall be placed delineating the boundaries of the Preserve. 

Vegetation Management
Vegetation management (mowing, brush trimming, herbicide use, etc.) may be conducted within the Preserve.  Any vegetation management necessary to maintain a trail shall be performed in a non-aggressive manner, aimed at maintaining a natural appearance.

Wildlife Population Control
Population control may be exercised whenever wild or feral fauna reach population levels that are adversely impacting Preserve resources.
(e.g. white tail deer, beaver)

Invasive Plant Species
Opportunistic plant species (native and non-native) could become established, outcompeting existing vegetation in the Preserve. If this condition develops to the extent that it threatens the quality and value of the Preserve, a control program may be developed to reverse the spread of invasive plant species. If a control program involves a regulated activity, all permits must be obtained.

There will be no encroachment of structures, easements, rights of way or land uses on the Preserve except for those specified in this management plan. No other encroachments shall be allowed to continue or become established.

Erosion Control (Consider natural erosion versus erosion from human activities)
Natural erosion shall not be controlled. Erosion and soil deposition affecting the Preserve due to past or present activities by people may be controlled. 

Removal of or Introduction of Objects
Except as is provided for in this Management Plan, there shall be no introduction to, removal from, or consumptive use of any material, product, object, or animal in the Preserve. Prohibited activities include, but are not limited to, gathering of firewood or other plant or animal products and dumping, burying, or spreading of garbage, trash, or other materials.


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D. Contacts


E. Bibliography


F. Technical Resources

This is not an exhaustive list, but rather a selective list of what is available online.

Community Resource Inventory Online (CRI)

The NEMO Program’s Tools and Resources

UConn Clear website

aerials and other maps

Bedrock geology by quadrangle

Soils maps (in addition to the CRI)

University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension Forestry

Invasive plant species (includes Connecticut Invasive Plant List and fact sheets)

Aquatic nuisance species

Connecticut Botanical Society

Connecticut Audubon Society

Connecticut Master Gardeners

Managing Grasslands, Shrubland and Young Forest for Wildlife
A guide for the Northeast 2006


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G. Funding

This is not an exhaustive list, rather several potential source of funding.

NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service)

WHIP (Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program) cost share agreements

Long Island Sound Study Futures Fund (habitat restoration)

Land Trust Alliance

Long Island Sound License Plate Fund

NU Community Investment Grants

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Check into local and regional funding sources:

  • Town funds (through the Conservation Commission budget, special project funding, or etc.)

  • Local or regional foundation

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